Top 10 Web Development Best Practices to Start in 2022

Today the internet is super fast and so is web development. With a changing year, the quality and features on the website get updated. Developing a website is not difficult but it needs good efforts to create a reliable one. If you want to create a robust website, you need some techniques. Using these practices web design and development not only become simple but also powerful. Your site should be up to the latest trend to beat your competitor. Creating a strong interface for a website is crucial to growing the business. 

Top Web Development practices in 2022

1. Use CSS reset

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS presents the data written on XML or HTML. You must have known the importance of CSS in website building. By default, a browser doesn’t apply the same default styling to HTML elements. Using CSS reset, you can ensure that all the elements haven’t any particular stylings. You can easily define won styling without any cross-browser issues.

html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe,

h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre,

a, abbr, acronym, address, big, cite, code,

del, dfn, em, font, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp,

small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var,

b, u, i, center,

dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,

fieldset, form, label, legend,

table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td {

    margin: 0;

    padding: 0;

    border: 0;

    outline: 0;

    font-size: 100%;

    vertical-align: baseline;

    background: transparent;

}

body {

    line-height: 1;

}

ol, ul {

    list-style: none;

}

blockquote, q {

    quotes: none;

}

blockquote:before, blockquote:after,

q:before, q:after {

    content: ”;

    content: none;

}

/* remember to define focus styles! */

:focus {

    outline: 0;

}

/* remember to highlight inserts somehow! */

ins {

    text-decoration: none;

}

del {

    text-decoration: line-through;

}

/* tables still need ‘cellspacing=”0″‘ in the markup */

table {

    border-collapse: collapse;

    border-spacing: 0;

2. Explain div correctly

While writing a code, people often create a long list of </div> tags. Many people use divs just to replace tables in producing quality code. Divs are better than tables only when placed correctly. Without a correct and proper code, it can be very messy. You can use indentation is good but you can save time by commenting on every closing div tag.  

3. Progressive Web Apps

PWA will replace all the web apps gradually. Using the progressive web apps, the website will load at a very good speed. Now only this, users can also use the apps offline like Google Maps. Various big companies like Twitter, Starbucks, Pinterest, Uber, etc are using PWA to provide a better user experience. Today most of the internet traffic comes from mobile devices. Most of the jobs depend on the internet. With the growth of online tasks; it becomes crucial to change the web applications into progressive web apps. Using PWA you can get an unmatched user experience. With PWA, the user gets various other benefits such as reduced web development costs and good maintenance. 

4. Avoid using @import 

While using CSS files, you may get lots of files using the @import directive. This feature is very helpful for several things like including one stylesheet into another. You can also include the CSS file in the HTML file using:

<style type= “text/css>

@import url (‘a.css’);

@import url (b.css’);

</style>

When this code works, the @import directive gets slower. Instead of this, use another method to include a stylesheet in HTML:

<link rel=’stylesheet’ type=’text/css’ href=’a.css’>

<link rel= ‘stylesheet’ type=’text/css’ href=’href.css’>

Using this code, you won’t get any type of changes on the traffic but it helps to maintain the site’s speed. 

5. Optimize the images

As a developer, optimizing the images on the website is always bothersome. Using tools or photoshop commands, the image size gets reduced a little but won’t help a lot. Instead of reducing the size, most of the developers use big and heavy images on the website. It’s not an issue until you start worrying about the bandwidth of the website. Search for a good tool that can optimize your images correctly. Many tools can help in saving about 70% of your file size. It will save size and also help in fast loading. The optimized file is good and improves the speed of the webpage.

6. Don’t mix JavaScript with HTML

Using JavaScript with HTML is not a good deal. The results may not carry lots of differences but this can cause more problems later. If you want a cleaner code then don’t mix the language. Many people find it difficult not to use JavaScript but it is a good practice. In the beginning, the user may find it hard to code but will find its merits later. It will give the same results as you get from mixing JavaScript with HTML. It will keep your HTML document clean and manageable. In the future, you can easily check the code for any changes, if required. 

7. Don’t mix CSS with HTML

HTML is a markup language that means its main job is to organize documents by defining a header, blockquotes, lists, a footer, etc. Earlier, most of the front-end web developers used several HTML attributes for styling particular elements. But today, using style attributes you can directly insert CSS files into HTML documents. This feature is excellent to save time when you are testing some data or facing any type of hurry. But using a style attribute is not good. It makes the file too messy and difficult to understand. Always use simple and clean code while developing the website.

8. Use conditional comments

As you all know, working on IE feels like hell. The developer faces more problems when the client requests to create the webpages of the site that are compatible with IE. While you are targeting specific version of IE, use the simple hack:

height: 100px /* normal browsers */

_height: 200px; /* IE6 */

.height: 250px; /* IE7 */

*height: 300px; /* All IEs */

This hack is very useful but not the best technique to target the particular version of IE. CSS validation may also fail due to this trick. To prevent the CSS validation failure, you can use the conditional comments:

<link href=”style.css” rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” />

<!–[if lte IE 6]>

  <link href=”ie.css” rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” />

<![endif]–>

9. WordPress Development

As you know, lots of websites use WordPress CMS. It is an open-source platform and provides regular updates depending on the user’s requirements. If you are a WordPress developer, you must learn about the changes and evolution of WordPress development. In 2022, you may get a large change on the theme that is Full Site Editing. It will help the developer to create a more customized and robust website.

10. Mobile-friendly development

While developing a website, don’t forget about mobile devices. People create the codes on PC so often develop it in that way. But most of the website customers are using phone devices. Always make a mobile-first website for 2022. It will make the site more accessible and the screen will re-size depending on the device automatically. Using a mobile-friendly website is better in many ways. 

Post Author
Lucy Orloski
Lucy Orloski, Content Community Manager in SEOHeights, a Canada based digital marketing company, has worked in a number of capacities in marketing since 2008. She provides consultancy for increasing traffic through search engines, social media, email marketing and improving the site and page conversion rates to increase sales using existing visitor traffic. If you want to increase traffic, sales or want branding of your business then contact me

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